- When you see a tree you see 3 different types of fungi.
- When you think of mushrooms, tell me what you think about….
- You think they’re gross and scary and you’re not supposed to pick them and eat them…
- But the truth is they are beautiful…although strange…
- And exotic and they come in thousands of shapes and sizes…
- They are not plants. Mushrooms are like the flowers of fungi. And fungi are closer on the tree of life to you than to plants. So what is a fungus?
- It’s that stuff that makes feet itch and your sneakers smelly.
- It’s the stuff that rots things. It eats dead and dying things. It cleans up the forest and the compost pile!
- Fungi live in its food.
- It’s the stuff that keeps forests healthy. Every green plant has a symbiotic relationship witha fungi.
- Most fungi are single celled organisms like yeasts.
- But the ones that produce mushrooms grow from this stuff. Have you ever killed open a rotting log? Filamentous fungi (it’s 10X thinner than a hair)
- Mushrooms are like fruits or flowers but don’t produce seeds. They make spore.
- The spore lands on something it likes to eat, like a strawberry!
- And then it grows one cell at a time in all directions, each tip an absorption point for food. Fungi grow in several different directions instead of in a line.
- They supply nutrients: carbs, fats, proteins vitamins, oxygen, water, minerals.
- Imagine you are a spore on a steak mattress. You will grow as you eat the steak.
- Some fungi share food with living things. They helps plants get more food than just the roots can supply. This is a Mycorrhizal fungus- Myco = fungus, rhizal = roots
- Another lifestyle are fungi that live in the green parts of plant. They never produce mushrooms. They live between each cell of every living plant. It gives the plant a layer of protection. They are called Endophytes- Endo = inside, phytes = plant
- There are also pathogenic fungi, fungi that eat living things, like the ones that killed the Giant Chestnut trees, the “Redwoods of the East”.
- The pine bark beetle is currently spreading a fungus that’s killing trees in Colorado. (This is a result of climate change)
- Some fungi kill insects. There is a whole category of fungi that eat insects and produce a mushroom on the insect. Laboubs are benign little parasites that feed on chitin of beetles and spiders, and are so host specific and specialized that some only grow on one side of an insect’s shell!
- Many kinds of mushrooms are formed when two streams come together. A knot is created, where a mushrooms arises with genes from both parents!
- So the mushroom grows, produces its spore, and starts the cycle again.
- Some fungi have adapted to use other critters as vectors, like flies, to move their spores!
- Bioluminescent mushrooms attract insects at night!
- Some mushrooms grow in strange places, like out of concrete!
- Fungi are a key part of a healthy ecosystem. Here’s the cycle: growing plant- dead leaves- leaf litter decomposition- humus soil ( not hummus!) – mixed minerals absorbed by roots- a new tree sprouts
- Fungi play three roles here: entophytes helping the tree, saprophytes decomposing the duff, and mycorrhiza feeding the tree.
- A teaspoon of soil contains millions of organisms like fungi and bacteria.
- Fungi can help a plant reduce stress- This may be a way to grow plants without pesticides!
M- Blue Binder- Complete up to page 35. Use play dough or paper or drawings to try to solve the problem. Estimate your answer first. Use a calculator to find the correct answer.
January 26st 2015
- Favorite idioms or phrases they are often heard saying
- Adverbs that describe the things they like to do
- Tone of voice they often use
- An event in their life that made them who they are
- Things you might want to do or say when you hear them
- Their attitude about life
- Favorite places they like to hang out
- The perfect job for their personality and skills
January 23st 2015
R- Keep reading, adding to your signposts.
January 22st 2015
Try to get your homework in on the day it's due. It's important for the next day's lessons.
Great discussion today about counter arguments! Make sure you revise your persuasive pieces accordingly by tomorrow.
January 21st 2015
January 16th 2015
Monday is truly a special day to remember those who have devoted their lives to true democracy and freedom. Thank you to MLK and to everyone else who inspired him and walked with him. Thank you to those who continue to stand up around the world for democracy and free speech! As Haskell reminded us today, "There's still work to do". Enjoy your day!
Mr. Ford Nelson: 64 Years at WDIA-Memphis
January 15th 2015
SS- read over these words that we mentioned today- Marcus Garvey, Pan-Africanism, 400 million African Americans, black pride, UNIA, Negro World Newspaper, repatriate to Africa, The Black Star Line, Brooklyn pier, The Frederick Douglas, charged with fraud, the cruelest irony, 1947, Brazil-Brooklyn-Harlem-Haiti, Calvin Coolidge, 1929, 50% of African Americans were unemployed during the Depression, Charles Hamilton Houston, Separate and Unequal, no desks, shack vs. brick buildings, mobilized blacks, a black lawyer who assaulted the Jim Crow Doctrine, Howard University, pushed cases, 1930, Supreme Court, 1954-Brown vs. Board of Education
January 14th 2015
Fantasy storytelling and read aloud- Excellent work Carter! Boundless sounds like a must-read. Be prepared when you are asked to share your book!
January 12th 2015
January 9th 2015
January 7th 2015
January 6th 2015
Profile of a Fantasy Character- Our Notes from today
January 5th 2015
Holiday Homework! (Yeah, I know. Just a little.)
Wednesday December 10, 2014
Take a look at this~ I hope some of you take advantage of this! I'll be meeting the tour upstate. I'm not sure if there are any seats left! Check it out eagle lovers.
- https://alumni.stanford.edu/get/page/magazine/article/?article_id=30162 (this is 5 years old)
- http://www.apmbags.com/bagmyths (This site is written by The American Plastics Manufacturing)
- There are many more. Just Google.
Here Are Some Persuasive Essay QUESTIONS TO ASK YOURSELF AS YOU WRITE.
Do you have a clear thesis?
Do you have at least 3 supporting reasons?
Are your reasons supported by meaningful evidence? Try to include at least 4 or 5 pieces of evidence. You can always add more.
Are your paragraphs built around your thesis?
Did you elaborate on your evidence to support your reasons?
Do you have transitions that help your paragraphs flow smoothly?
Did you leave your reader thinking more deeply about your point of view?
TRIP! Bring lunch and be ON TIME please! Bring your SS notebook and several sharpened pencils. You may also bring your cameras.
Buddy Work- Bring in your piece, if you haven't already. Add your buddy's comments, like Sophia E. did!
Vocabulary- racially motivated, controversy, allegations, faulty evidence, questionable eyewitnesses, inconsistent. Tell the story of "Hurricane" to an adult using some of these vocabulary words.
Google- Hudson Valley Fresh Milk is used at Culture- Explore this site. Under articles and news you'll find very cool videos. Hudson Valley Fresh Videos
- Michael Frayn writes in his postscript about his published playCopenhagen whichrecreates a famous moment, the race to develop the atomic bomb
"The great challenge is to get inside people's heads, to stand where they stood and see the world as they saw it, to make some informed estimate of their motives and intentions. The only way into the protagonists' heads is through the imagination."
Tuesday December 2nd, 2014
M- 456 x 789 Solve this both ways
SS- Continue with your Civil War packets. If you are behind, make sure you double up. We will complete these readings by Friday. You should have at least 10 published pages of reactions.
W- Choose another topic from the Debate/Persuasive Essay Topic List to write off off. (2 pages in notebook) Send it to one of your friends from school. Then call each other and hear your partners reactions.
Green dreamers- Be ready to visit your adoptive parent. Remember, this may be tricky!
St. Jude- Make a list of the people you will be trying to persuade to make donations to St. Jude. Try to get at least 5.
Google- Culture (the frozen yogurt store on 5th avenue in Park Slope
Court Tours- Trip on Thursday
Greenwood- Trip NEXT Thursday
Monday November 24th 2014
Friday November 21st 2014
Thursday November 20th 2014
Wednesday November 19th 2014
Math- Due on Friday- All review 1.D.11- 1.D.14- 1.D.21-1.D.22- 1.D.23- 1.D.24-1.D.25- 1.E.21-1.E.22
Get a new supply of sharpened pencils please. Do you have a pencil case?
SS- Class rules- Make a list of class rules that will help our class run smoothly. Due Friday. I'll get you started. 1. Work ripped out of notebooks will not be accepted
SS- What's your opinion of Mark Twain so far? Share this with a parent.
Google- List three documentaries that Ken Burns was involved in
Question- Who said this? "I was one of the only professional listeners around"
SS- Continue with the packets- Complete your work for the day
R- Nonfiction Enjoy!
W/M- Write a short piece about how you feel about presenting in front of the class.
M- measure yourself in inches and centimeters
Complete work for Ms. Carlucci
We did the above problem in class.
Now substitute 12.6 with 15.4 and 9 with 5. Solve the new problem.
You all said this would help- On Ode to My Gourd
* What is your gourd like?
* How does your gourd make you feel?
* Why do you feel this way?
* Explain why your gourd is important to you?
* Join some of your phrases into lines for your ode.
* Remember they do have to rhyme! ababcdecde
Friday November 14th 2014
405 is a multiple of this number. This number is less than 100. Number it could be: ____________
- First of all, you'll want to ask yourself if there are any places the reader might be confused, because, believe me, that's the LAST thing you want.
- Are you happy with your lead? Have you tested it on a trusted friend who will tell you the truth. By the way, always get a second opinion.
- Does your piece need a background paragraph? Will your readers be familiar with your topic? Does this topic have historical importance that you shouldn't leave out? Hmm, that's a tricky one.You could survey some of your friends? They may know who the Muppets are, but they might not recognize Jim Henson's name.
- You'll want to revisit the basics. I've said this a lot, but I cannot stress it enough. Does your piece have a structure that makes sense to you as a reader. The ABC format was simple for those writers, because each of their pages stood alone. Your piece is different. So, if you need to mark headings, or subtopics, or paragraphs, then please do. Take another look at some of the Passageways books you've been reading
- And, if you used a quote in your piece, you'll need to ask yourself if it connected well with a point that you were trying to make. No tangents please!
- Also, does your piece have a personal tone? No? Remember the ABC books and how much they were able to draw you in? Do you want your piece to do that? Some of those comments were pretty funny, while sticking to a point.
- And here's something fun you'll want to do, since your classmates are our target audience! Reread your piece to see if there are any facts YOU want to comment on. It's ok to do this, but you'll need to be careful that your comment stresses your point, and whatever you do, don't overdo it. It's nonfiction, not a memoir!
- Remember the "booger" piece with the baseball comparisons. I know I'll never forget those flying "boogers" the next time I sneeze! Try a comment with a comparison, but again, be careful that it's not out in "left field"! It's your job to make sure every comment in your piece, and every sentence in your piece flows smoothly into one another.
- Was I redundant? Because if I was redundant, I really and truly don't want to be redundant, even though I just love to say that word redundant. And even if I didn't like to say that word redundant, I would still not want to be or say redundant. I hope I wasn't redundant. I wasn't, was I? Can you say redundant 10 times? NO, 10 times FAST!!
- Hold off on your conclusions. We'll need to explore a lot of texts to find just the right one for your masterpiece!
Middle Schools- Thinking ahead- You will be writing resumes soon. What is a resume?
W- Continue writing the letter you (I) started in class today. Try to zoom in on some specifics.
I have copied the samples below. I added one more.
To Whom It May Concern:
c. Uniforms are sold in packages of 8. The store’s 127 employees will each be given 3 uniforms. How many packages will the store need to order?
Take a good look at this list of things that good writers of informative text do.
- Writers may organize events chronologically using a timeline.
- Writers use an outline to organize information.
- Researchers fill in information gaps.
- Writers consider the order in which they convey information.
- Writers stay focused. All points must support the thesis statement.
- Writers consider what visuals they will supply to the reader to support understanding.
- Writers consider the main idea of each section and make sure that each detail they include supports that main idea.
- Researchers check their facts for accuracy. (Keep track of your sources!)
- Informational writers may include historical background.
- Writers immerse themselves in a variety of nonfiction mentor texts before they start to write!
- Reread the notes you have collected over the past two weeks on your focus topic. (I CANNOT stress that enough. Only you know if you have the information you will need to write your piece). Do not come empty-handed. For those of you with poor organization skills, or those of you who have missed class time because of Middle School visits, this is the time to "get your ducks in order".
- If need be, go back to the chart Note Taking and Researching Strategies We Tried Out In Class
- BE PREPARED on Monday to create an outline of what you will include in your nonfiction piece. Some of you have already done this and are ready to begin the hard, but exciting work, of weaving your information together into a beautiful tapestry.
- Don’t take time on research that won’t help your topic (Don't get distracted) Stay focused on your topic.
- Be neat!
- Write down the notes that best help you or collect them on a google document.
- Find reliable sources and sites- Keep track of these sites and sources (You may be asked to do a fact check)
- Read and Reread A LOT on your topic
- Try to find news reports on your topic
- Look for answers to your questions. Reread your questions. Revise your questions as your topic evolves.
- If you see something interesting on your topic, try and find a way to connect it to your topic.
- If you see something interesting copy it, then paste it on a word page. You may use it at a later date.
- Make sure you know your vocabulary as you are reading.
- Don’t plagiarize- Get into the habit of writing down facts or notes in your own words as you're collecting information. If you find yourself "copying" too much, try reading the info, closing the book, then saying what you want to say aloud, and finally, writing it down.
- Skim for keywords that will help you. Use Apple F to find words in a text. This shortcut saves LOTS of time!
- Listen to video about your topic a couple of times in case you missed something important. Use the rewind and pause buttons often.
- Wow! I have learned so much during this study, and I know you have too! I hope some of you fantasy lovers are starting to fall in love with nonfiction! I know it's hard to compete with Harry Potter!
- Eve- The Environmental Outlook: Garbage in the World's Oceans Nov. 4, 2014 http://thedianerehmshow.org/shows (You'll be able to listen to this No. 5, 2014)
- Henry- http://www.wnyc.org/story/50-great-teachers-socrates-the-ancient-worlds-teaching-superstar/ 50 Great Teachers: Socrates, The Ancient World's Teaching Superstar
- Julian- http://www.wnyc.org search origami
- Haskell- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marx_Brothers
- 1. Reading a decimal to the thousandths place.
- 2. Writing a decimal to the thousandths place in words
- 3. Write the expanded form of a decimal ex. 5.4 = 5x1+4x1/10
- 4. Write 9 thousandths times 10 in at least 2 ways ex. .09x10=.9 or 9/10
- 5. Represent 200+5x10+6x1+8x1/10+7x6/100+3x9/1000 as a number
- 6. Write a numerical expression for this story. Mary is 6 years old. Harry is 5 years less than 7 times her age. Solve the problem.
- 7. Will a fraction of a whole number be more or less than the whole number? Yes or No? Why?
- 8. Explain how PEMDAS works.
- 9. Adding and subtracting decimals ex. 98.6- 3.85 and 98.6 + 3.85
- 10. Ordering decimals
- 11. The sum of three decimals is 5. Make one of those numbers less that one.
- 12. Review your N/D sheet. There will be several questions from this sheet
- 13. Double digit by double digit multiplication
http://venturebeat.com/2012/05/25/games-at-maker-faire-2012/ (note that this is from 2012)
- Is not the plea, that emancipation is not impracticable, the most impudent hypocrisy and the most glaring absurdity ever propounded for contemplation?
How much better can it get? Athletic, good watch dog, good with children! The best “B” deal on Wall Street. Cal down, I know you are dying to know what this dog is…………………. The Boxer!
Watch out competition.
- books, especially Eyewitness books
- television programs
- Google- Bing- Brainpop-National Geographic- PBS Kids- PBS- Answers.com- ask.com- NPR podcasts
- friends' libraries
- famous quotes websites
- biographies or autobiographies
Birthday celebration on Friday! Make sure you choose who you want to honor you.
October 16, 2014
Letter to Robert
RW- Think of someone who Shingebiss reminds you of? Reread the story with fluency to a younger brother, sister, or gourd. Be ready to talk about who it reminds you of?
Math- Rounding quiz. Be ready! It will be similar to the problems below.
Spelling- Look over the spelling list I gave you. Circle any words that are difficult for you. Read it over once a week and repeat.
People Who've Had Experience With War In Any Way Project
Here are the ?s that you wanted to know more about...
- So, should people be able to live free from fear?
- What kind of things do you do when you are preparing for war? or in a war?
- Which war were you involved in?
- Who or what were you fighting for?
- Why did you decide you wanted to be involved?
- How many years were you involved?
- Do you have any pictures, letters, or any other documents you could share with us? (primary sources)
- We you, or anyone you know forced into battle?
- Did you learn to use different weapons? Tell me about them.
- When did you experience the most fear? How did you cope with it?
- How did the whole experience effect you?
- Were you scared for yourself or anyone else? How did that feel?
- Did you see any destruction?
- Did you or anyone you know have any near death experiences?
- how did you feel about the war?
- What did you do when you saw the enemy?
- How did you feel when you left your home?
- How did you feel when yo returned home?
- What do you think about when you're away from home?
- Were you afraid for your family back home?
- Do you ever feel anxious?
- How do you feel now?
- Do you read or write about anything related to war? Explain?
- Were your parents involved in a war?
- Do you know anyone who had to leave their family or their country to stay safe? Explain.
Song- Learn "One Day"
Cap and Gown surveys are due tomorrow!! Discuss with a parent!
2345, 6789, 1011, 1213
Song- Learn "One Day"
September 29, 2014
September 24, 2014
September 23, 2014
September 22, 2014
September 19th 2014
Get your math test signed.
Google- Who is Norman Rockwell?
Enjoy your reading this weekend!
September 18th 2014
September 17th 2014
SORRY this post was delayed!!!
September 11th 2014
September 10th 2014
September 8th 2014
September 5th 2014
September 4th 2014
Welcome back everyone! Super work today!!
RW- Continue your list "What Does Reader's Workshop Look Like"
R- Bring in a favorite book, article, or magazine that you read over the summer
WW- Use the mini-lesson from today to write a new 1-page entry in your WNotebook
Math- Do this pretest in your Math notebook. Be prepared for a similar pretest.
4. 4.12- 2.8
5. 89 x 9
6. 38x 59
9. 5x (4+6)-9
Extra Credit- Research Louisa May Alcott- Collect a few interesting facts to share tomorrow.
More Extra Credit- Pick a favorite word from today's vocabulary and start using it. Let me know what happens ;)
Happy Summer! Click here to view all the pictures from this year.